Cabergoline Drug Description
Cabergoline is a medication used for the treatment of different medical conditions caused by high levels of the hormone prolactin. This hormone is produced by the pituitary gland and is best known for its function to promote milk production. Prolactin is also involved in many other processes within the body.
The condition when prolactin levels are abnormally high is known as hyperprolactinaemia. High prolactin levels can cause such medical problems as irregular or absent periods, unwanted breast milk, infertility, and benign tumors of the pituitary gland caused by high prolactin levels. In men, high levels of prolactin may cause low sex drive and enlarged breasts.
If you have any of the above symptoms associated with high levels of Prolactin, you should consider generic Cabergoline, which has shown to be an effective treatment for hyperprolactinaemia.
Your doctor may recommend that you use Cabergoline to prevent unwanted milk production after birth, if breastfeeding is not allowed for some medical reasons.
Cabergoline is approved for the following uses:
- Treatment of hyperprolactinaemia and associated symptoms (irregular or absent menstrual periods, infertility)
- Treatment of galactorrhoea (abnormal production of breast milk)
- Prevention of breast milk production
- Treatment of prolactinoma (a benign tumor of the pituitary gland)
Mechanism of Action
Cabergoline contains the active component cabergoline, which belongs to prolactin inhibitors and works by blocking the production of prolactin by the pituitary gland.
Dosing and Administration
Cabergoline tablets are taken orally, usually two times a week. It should be taken with meals or after food to prevent nausea or indigestion.
Cabergoline should be taken as directed by your doctor. Most patients are recommended to start at low doses and then gradually increase the dose over several months. This helps prevent side effects.
The recommended starting Cabergoline dosage for the treatment of hyperprolactinaemia is 0,5 mg, usually taken in two smaller doses twice a week. The dose is gradually increased by 0.5 mg until the dosage of 2 mg a week is reached. The dose should be increased every 4 weeks.
The above information contains the average dose of Cabergoline, which may not work for all patients. You will find more information on how Cabergoline should be used in the Patients Information Leaflet. The direction on how to take Cabergoline which your doctor has given to you may differ from those contained in the Leaflet. You may need a different dosage depending on your symptoms and how you respond to Cabergoline.
Cabergoline is intended for long-term use. Patients usually stop taking Cabergoline when their levels of prolactin are normal for at least 6 months. You may need to resume treatment if the symptoms return.
Cabergoline comes in tablet form and is available in two strength Cabergoline 0,25 mg and Cabergoline 0,5mg.
Cabergoline should be stored at room temperature of 20-25 degrees C (68-77 degrees F) away from moisture.
- Before you start taking Cabergoline, be sure to tell your doctor of any medical conditions you may have. This factor, as well as some other medications you may take, may affect how you should take Cabergoline. For example, patients with live disease are usually prescribed lower doses.
- Before starting the treatment, you should undergo echocardiography and cardiovascular evaluation. Your doctor should regularly assess your response to treatment. You may need such tests, as heart monitoring, x-rays, blood tests, and physical examination. If the patient does not respond well, the dosage should not be increased any further and other treatment option should be considered.
- You should prevent pregnancy when taking Cabergoline. Continue using contraception for at least a month after taking Cabergoline.
- Avoid alcoholic beverages when taking Cabergoline to prevent dizziness and lightheadedness.
- If you are taking Cabergoline after childbirth, your blood pressure should be monitored for the first few days.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions regarding Cabergoline and its usage.